Voyages of Saint Brendan – Ireland,The Faroe Islands & Iceland are linked historically by the voyage of Discovery made by Saint Brendan (484-577 AD) hence this joint issue. These voyages are recorded in many medieval manuscripts and in the Icelandic sagas.
Following the fall of Roman empire Irish monasteries had become the chief repositories of religious learning and culture in Europe and Irish monks or saintly sailors began to bring these back to mainland Europe. Many Irish monks also sailed along the coasts of British Isles and Europe and beyond spreading the christian faith and establishing monasteries .These saintly mariners had a knowledge of astronomy to aid their navigation but no charts or compass.
St Brendan was one of these and there are many legends about his voyages. The landing of Irish monks in the Faroe was the first notable geographical discovery of the middle ages and by 795 AD Irsih monks had reached Iceland .In the Brendan legend one of the Faroe Islands is described as the “Island of Sheep “and Iceland as the ” Island of Fire”.
Brendan Discoveries is the theme of three Miniature sheets jointly issued by Faroe Islands ,Iceland & Ireland. A Presentation pack containing all the three miniatures is listed.
Thailand issued a set of two stamps as joint issue between Thailand and Italy .The Stamps were issued on 21 Apr 2004.
3 Baht – Golden Mountain Thailand – Wat Saket The temple of Golden Mount” which is loacated outside the Rattanakosin island area of Bangkok is one of the city’s oldest temple .The structure of Wat saket is distinct because of 80 metre high mountain called Phu Khao Thong (meaning Golden Mountain) where the temple main stupa (Gilded Chedi) rests.
3 baht – Colosseum in Rome Italy – A large amphitheatre for Public sports events ,entertainment or assemblies.
Indigenous people in Bangladesh – Stamps of Bangladesh 2010
The Indigenous people of Bangladesh refer to the ethnic minorities in Southeastern,northeastern, north central and north western regions of the Country. These are areas in Chittagong Hill Tracts,Sylhet, rajshahi & Mymensing Divisions. Therenumber was almost 2 million in 2010 and are of Tibetan,Burmese, Dravidian origins.Most of them are Buddhists or Hindus by faith while some are Christians and animistics.
Bangladesh issued a set of 20 Stamps featuring the Culture,Dress,Occupation, Customs and Festivals.
Chakmas – It is the largest tribe in Bangladesh. Buddhism is their religion and tribal Chief is known as Chakma Raja. Have their own Language ,Culture,tradition and history.Women wear pinon and khadi (handmade) and men dhuti, They practice Jhum cultivation (shifting farming).Migrated to Bangladesh in 15th Century.
Marma – The second largest ethnic group in Bangladesh and they are of Burmese ancestry.Arakanese emperor invaded the south eastern region of Bangladesh and Marmas have been established since then. Follow Burmese script and language, Buddhism is the religion ,Follow Buddhist Lunar calendar,lower part of dress is thumbi and upper part is angi,musical instruments similar to ancestral heritage like kappya,jjea and kharra.
Mro or Mru – Original inhabitants of Chittagong Hill Tracts where they migrated from Arakan in 14th-15th Century. No written language but some can speak and read Burmese and Bangla scripts. Buddhism is main religion but religious practices are mainly animistic.
Tripura – Originally belonged to Tripura Kingdom and after India’s independence some were inhabiting the Chittagong hill tracts and plains of Bangladesh and continued .Culture ,language ,customs similar to Tripura State language is called Kokborok.
Pangkhua – In hill tracts of ChiiINDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN BANGLADESHtagong Hills. No written language but use Mizo ( Lushai) literature.
A Setof Four First day Covers with Five stamps each are listed.
Battle of Jerusalem 1917 -Allenby enters Jerusalem – Stamps of Israel 2017.
Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, Ist Viscount Allenby ,GCB,GCMG,GCVO (23 April 1861- 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor. He fought in the Second Boer War and also in First World War in which he led the British Empire’s Egypt Expeditionary Force (EEF) during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign against the Ottoman Empire in the conquest of Palestine.
Battle of Jerusalem
Allenby arrived at Battle front in Jun 1917 and received a telegram from his wife on 31st Jul 1917 that his only son Lieutenant Michael Allenby (Royal Horse Artillery) was killed in action.He kept his personal loss and grief to himself and started his campaign .
The Two Sergeants (Shown in Stamp)
The City of Jerusalem surrendered on 09 Dec 1917. The Mayor of Jerusalem Hussein Salim al-Husseini,attempted to deliver the Ottoman Governor’s letter of Surrender to Two British Sergeants James Sedgewick & Frederick Hurcomb of 2/19th Battalion,London Regiment just outside Jerusalem. The Two Sergeants scouting ahead of Allenby’s main force refused to take the letter which was eventually accepted by CF Watson commanding the 180th Brigade.
The text of Surrender decree signed by Izzat,the Mutasariff of Jerusalem mentioned the hope to Allenby that his forces would protect Jerusalem the way the have protected it for Five hundred years .
General Allenby entering Jerusalem on Foot (Shown on Stamp)
At noon on 11 Dec 1917 General Allenby dismounted and entered Jerusalem on Foot through the Jaffa Gate.He did this out of respect for the status of Jerusalem as the Holy City important to Judaism,Christianity and Islam (as mentioned in his Proclamation of Martial Law).Thepeople of Jerusalem saw it as a sign of Modesty.
He also mentions in his report that he and his staff with mission heads and military attaches of France,Italy and USA entered the city on foot and received at Jaffa gate by Guards representing England,Scotland,Ireland,Wales, Australia, New Zealand, India ,France & Italy.
He received Christian,Jewish & Muslim Community Leaders to ensure sanctity and protection to all holy sites and even sent his Indian Muslim Soldiers to guard Islamic religious sites.
Allenby was accompanied by one officer and 39 other ranks while entering Jerusalem.These troops were representatives of 10th Light Horse Regiment,New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade troop Commanded by 2nd Lieutenant C J Harris of Canterbury Regiment,men from Canterbury Regiment,Wellington Regiment , Auckland Regiment, Machine Gun squadron and Signal Troop.
Allenby was made a Field Marshal on 31 Jul 1919 and created Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe in the County of Suffolk on 7th Oct 1919 .
Israel issued a stamp on Centenary of this historic Battle 13 Jun 2017 . A First Day Cover is listed. The stamp shows the sergeants,Mayor of Jerusalm and General Allenby entering Jerusalem on Foot. The Cover also features the Allenby Memorial at Jerusalem.
Poets on Iran- India Joint Issue Stamps -Iran 2004
Poets was the theme of Joint issue of Stamps by Islamic Republic of Iran and India in 2004. Islamic Republic of Iran issued two stamps on 16 Aug 2004 featuring Persian Poet Hafez and Indian Poet Kabir.
Hafez (1315-1390) was born in Shiraz and is known as a Mystic Poet who wrote Ghazals & Irfan. His major work was Divan-e-Hafez.
Kabir- He was a 15th Century Indian mystic poet and saint whose writings influenced Hinduism’s Bhakti movement and his verses are found in Sikhs holy scripture Guru Granth Sahib.His legacy continues through Kabir Panth. His Couplets and Dohas are well known.
A First Day Cover of Islamic Republic of Iran with the two stamps is listed .