Stamps on Kazi Nazrul Islam – Pakistan ,Bangladesh & India
Kazi Nazrul Islam (25 May 1899-29 Aug 1976) was a revolutionary Poet of Bengal .He was born in Churulia in Bengal (India).He composed nearly 3000 songs. He Shot to fame through All India Radio Calcutta . He was awarded Padma Bhusan by Government of India . After formation Bangladesh he moved to Bangladesh in 1972 and breathed his last in 1976. He was National Poet of Bangladesh and conferred the award of “Ekusey Padak” by Government of Bangladesh.
Pakistan honoured him by issuing a set of two stamps during his lifetime on his 69th Birth Anniversary on 25 Jun 1968.
PAKISTAN STAMPS on KAZI NAZRUL ISLAM -1968
Bangladesh issued a set of two stamps on his first Death Anniversary on 29 Aug 1977.
Bangladesh issued a stamp on his Birth Centenary on 31 Dec 1998.
India issued a stamp on his Birth centenary on 14 Sep 1999.
Jewish Contribution to World Culture in Modern Era – Miniature Sheet of Israel – 1998.
Israel issued a miniature sheet containing six stamps with tabs on 27 Apr 1998 .The theme was Jewish Contribution to World Culture in Modern Era. The Personalities featured on stamps are
Franz Kafka (1883-1924) – Author- He was a German speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer ,widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th Century Literature. He was born into a German speaking Jewish family in Prague.
George Gershwin (1898-1937)-Composer – He was an American composer and Pianist. He was born in Brooklyn USA in an Russian Jewish and Lithuanian Jewish ancestry family.Among his best known works are Orchestral compositions “Rhapsody in Blue” (1924), An American in Paris (1928),as well as contemporary Opera “Porgy & Bess” (1935)
Lev Davidovich Landau (1908-1968) – Soviet Physicist – He was born to Jewish Parents in Baku Azerbaijan. He was awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his mathematical theory of superfluidity that account for properties of Liquid Helium II.
Albert Einstein (1879-1955) -Physicist- Born in Ulm Germany to non observant Ashkenazi Jews.He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of Law of Photoelectric effect.He developed the theory of relativity ,one of the two pillars of Modern Physics(alongside quantum mechanics).He is best known for world’s most famous equation – mass energy equivalence formula E = mc2
Leon Blum (1872-1950) – Statesman – He was a French Socialist Politician. A Jew ,he was Prime Minister of France thrice.
Elizabeth Rachel Felix ( 1821-1858) -French Actress of Jewish ancestry
Dante Alighieri– Stamps of Kyrgyzstan Express Post 2015
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) was a great Italian Poet ,theologian,politician and one of the founders of Italian Literary Language .His Divine Comedy is considered as a synthesis of European Medieval Culture .Dante is also called “The Father of the Italian Language ”
Kyrgyzstan Express Post issued a stamp on 02 Sep 2015 to celebrate 750th Birth Anniversary of Dante Alighieri.
Ahmednagar Fort is located near the banks of Bhingar river near Ahmednagar Maharashtra. It was built by Malik Amed Shah -I in 1427. In 1596 Chand Bibi repulsed the initial attacks of Mughals but Akbar captured it in 1600 and Aurangzeb was the Viceroy in 1636 & 1650. Aurangzeb died at Ahmednagar Fort in 1707 and the Fort pased on to Nizams of Hyderabad from 1724 to 1759. Shivaji invaded Ahmednagar in 1657 & 1665.
The Marathas were occupants of Fort from 1759-1803.The Scindias imprisoned Nana Phadanvis, Peshwa diplomat in Ahmednagar Fort. In 1803 during the Second Anglo-Maratha War Arthur Wellesley defeated Maratha Forces and East India Company occupied the Fort and later the British.
The British rulers imprisoned Jawahar Lal Nehru, Abdul Kalam Azad and Sardar Patel during 1942 Quit India Movement. During this period Nehru penned down “Discovery Of India” in Ahmednagar Fort. Abdul Kalam Azad also compiled his “Ghubar-e-Khatir”(Sallies of Mind) -an acclaimed “Epistolary Essays” of Urdu Literature.
After Independence this Fort is being looked after by Indian Army ( Armoured Corps).
A Special cover was released on 30 Jan 2017 on Ahmednagar Fort at Pune.
Nicolaus Copernicus – 500th Birth Anniversary – Stamps of Poland.
Nicolaus Copernicus ( 19 Feb 1473 -24 May 1543) was a Renaissance era Mathematician and Astronomer who formulated a model of Universe that placed the Sun (Heliocentric Model)rather than earth at centre of Universe ,independently of Aristarchus of Samos who had formulated such a model eighteen centuries earlier.
The Publication of his Book On the Revolutions of Celestial Spheres just before his death in 1543 was a major event in the history of Science trigering Copernican Revolution .
Copernicus was born and died in Royal Prussia part of Kingdom of Poland. A Polyglot and polymath he obtained a Doctorate in Canon Law and was also a Classics Scholar,Physician ,Translator ,Governor, Diplomat ,Economist & Poet.In 1517 he derived quantity theory of money -a key concept in Economics- and in 1519 he formulated an economic Principle that later came to be called Gresham’s Law.
Poland issued a set of three stamps on 26 Jun 1969 to mark his 500th Birth Anniversary. The stamps feature paintings on him .
40 gr – Woodcut by Tobias Stimer -Features a Wood carving
60 gr – Copernicus by Jeremias Falck – Featuring engravings ,Globe & Maps
2.50 zl – paintings by Jan Matejko – Featuring Constellations and Drawings