Quarantine, one of the ways of restricting the spread of infectious diseases has a long history from the Black Death to Coronavirus. Few things listed below about the struggle to keep pestilence at bay.
The term quarantine meaning forty days, originally referred to the isolation period imposed during the 14th century on ships arriving at Venice before passengers and crew could disembark. At that time it was not known how long it took for bubonic plague symptoms to develop-the 40-day system proved able to offer protection for port dwellers. Samuel Pepys, naval administrator writing in 1663 noted that ships from plague bound ports had to spend 30 days in quarantine.
The number 40 has significance in many religions. The Bible says it rained for 40 days and 40 nights before the Great Flood.
Enforced leisure or now work from home is said to have enabled geniuses to do their best work. Newton abandoned his Cambridge studies in 1665 due to plague and worked on Calculus, Optics and Theory of Gravity. Shakespeare is supposed to have written King Lear and Macbeth during the period when his theatre was closed during plague outbreaks.
Wuhan was placed in lockdown on Jan 31, 2020, and final restrictions were due to be lifted on April- so the city’s traditional “40 days ” of quarantine will by then have stretched to 71 days.
Quarantine In Australia.
– Quarantine in Australia began with the arrival of First Fleet at Sydney Cove in 1788 and since then remain public health pre-occupation. The fragmented nature of Australian Colonies and their quarantine techniques were not then of great public concern.
– The time taken on the voyage from Europe, England or America ensured that any infectious disease incubating among passengers or crew would have been broken out by the time ship arrived in Australia and could be detected and dealt with. Quarantine measures were generally able to prevent the diseases from penetrating the port population.
In 1789 one year after the arrival of the First Fleet outbreak of Small Pox among Aboriginals was reported. It was then not linked to First Fleet. Small Pox vaccination was imported from England and the population vaccinated.
The first line of defence was established in 1804 when vessels from New York were ordered into quarantine due to infectious distemper.
In 1805 Richard and Mary ship was quarantined.
From 01 July 1809, the Federal Quarantine Service began operations in Australia under the Department of Trade and Customs.
Australia issued a 50c Stamp on 08 Jul 2008 to commemorate Centenary of Quarantine in Australia.
In the present Fight against COVID 19, Quarantine and self-isolation shall matter.
Pre Stamped issued by Pakistan. It features Kaptai Spillway or Kaptai Dam built over Kamaphuli River in Kaptai in Chittagong (now in Bangladesh). It fed the Karnafuli Hydroelectric Power Station built-in 1962.
France issued self-adhesive 20g Priority Letter stamps featuring Paris Scenes.
Cite Universitaire Paris – It is a Private Park and Foundation established in 1925 providing general and public services, including the maintenance of several residences housing 6,000 students and visiting academics.
Banks of the Seine in Paris – On the banks of Seine in Paris are located some of the most famous monuments from Eiffel Tower to Notre Dame via the Place de la Concorde, but also the historic bridges that connect them. Both Banks are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1991.
The Catacombs of Paris are underground ossuaries in Paris France which hold the remains of more than six million people. It was created in 1810 to eliminate the city’s overflowing cemeteries. Since 2013 the Catacombs number among 14 City of Paris Museums.
The Fontaine de l’Observatoire is a monumental fountain located in Jadin Marco Polo in Paris with Sculpture by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (1827-1875). It was dedicated in 1874 and is also known for the Four Parts of the World Sculpture embodied by Female figures. The Four parts represent Europe, Asia, Africa & America.
Miniature Sheet on Galapagos Islands -Great Britain 2009.
Galapagos Islands are located in the Pacific ocean and a province of Ecuador. Charles Darwin visited this volcanic archipelago in 1835 and the number of species here inspired his Theory of Evolution.
Great Britain issued a miniature sheet containing four stamps of 81 pence each on 12 Feb 2009 to commemorate 200th Birth Anniversary of Charles Darwin (1809-1882) and features the species found on Galapagos Islands.
Ist Class -Flightless Cormorant. Ist Class – Giant Tortoise and Cactus Finch