To celebrate the Centenary of the French Revolution in 1889 an International Exhibition was planned in Paris. Maurice Koechlin & Emile Nouguier, two senior engineers working for Compagnie des establishments Eiffel made a design of Eiffel Tower in 1884, based on Latting observatory in New York. This design improved by Stephen Sauvestre of Eiffel Company was displayed in an exhibition in 1884. Its patents were bought. The Government signed a contract to built this tower as a centrepiece for the exhibition in 1887. it was constructed from 1887-1889 as an entrance to the 1889 World exhibition, it is wrought-iron lattice tower on Champ de Mars in Paris, France and named after Gustav Eiffel whose company designed and built the tower. It is 324 metres tall. It is the tallest man-made structure in the World & the most visited paid monument in the world.
La Poste issued a set of four Priority Stamps ( Permanent validity, priority letters of 20g to France) on Eiffel Tower in all its splendour on 21 Mar 2017. Each stamp was sold for 0.85 euro and a sheet of four stamps for 5.30 euro.
A Sheet with four stamps on Eiffel Tower is listed.
Jewish Contribution to World Culture in Modern Era – Miniature Sheet of Israel – 1998.
Israel issued a miniature sheet containing six stamps with tabs on 27 Apr 1998 .The theme was Jewish Contribution to World Culture in Modern Era. The Personalities featured on stamps are
Franz Kafka (1883-1924) – Author- He was a German speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer ,widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th Century Literature. He was born into a German speaking Jewish family in Prague.
George Gershwin (1898-1937)-Composer – He was an American composer and Pianist. He was born in Brooklyn USA in an Russian Jewish and Lithuanian Jewish ancestry family.Among his best known works are Orchestral compositions “Rhapsody in Blue” (1924), An American in Paris (1928),as well as contemporary Opera “Porgy & Bess” (1935)
Lev Davidovich Landau (1908-1968) – Soviet Physicist – He was born to Jewish Parents in Baku Azerbaijan. He was awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his mathematical theory of superfluidity that account for properties of Liquid Helium II.
Albert Einstein (1879-1955) -Physicist- Born in Ulm Germany to non observant Ashkenazi Jews.He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of Law of Photoelectric effect.He developed the theory of relativity ,one of the two pillars of Modern Physics(alongside quantum mechanics).He is best known for world’s most famous equation – mass energy equivalence formula E = mc2
Leon Blum (1872-1950) – Statesman – He was a French Socialist Politician. A Jew ,he was Prime Minister of France thrice.
Elizabeth Rachel Felix ( 1821-1858) -French Actress of Jewish ancestry
Google Doodle marks M Visvesvaraya’s 157th Birth Anniversary
India celebrates 15 Sep as Engineers Day in honour of Bharat Ratna M Visvesvaraya (15 Sep 1861 – 12 Apr 1962). Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was 19th Diwan of Mysore and an Engineer ,Scholar & Statesman . He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1955.
Google Doodle marks M Visvesvaraya’s 157th Birth Anniversary today(15 Sep 2018).
450th Birth Anniversary of Galileo – FDC San Marino 2014
Galileo Galilei (15 Feb 1564- 8 Jan 1642) was an Italian astronomer,mathematician,physicist,philosopher & professor who made pioneering observations of nature with long lasting implications for the study of Physics. He also constructed a telescope and supported the Copernican theory,which supports a sun centred solar system.
San Marino issued a set of two stamps to mark his 450th Birth Anniversary. Stamps feature Galileo & Viviani and in other stamp a Compass and Telescope is featured.
Stephen Hawking (1942- 14 Mar 2018) was an English Theoritical physicist, cosmologist,author & Director of research at the centre for theoritical cosmology at University of Cambridge. His Field of work included Black Holes, Cosmology, Quantum Mechanics,Hawking radiation etc.
He passed away on 13 Mar 2018 and a Special Cover was released on 20 Mar 2018 by West Bengal Circle at Kolkata.