International Year of Plant Health – Palm Weevil – Portugal 2020.

The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2020 as International Year of Plant Health to raise global awareness on how protecting Plant health can help end hunger, reduce poverty , protect environment and boost economic growth.  The Theme is “Protecting Plants, Protecting Life”.

Portugal issued a set of Four Stamps on International Year of Plant Health.

Date of Issue 25 Oct 2020         

0.53 Euro – Daktulosphaira vitifoliae -The grape phylloxera is an insect that originated in North America, appearing in Europe for the first time in 1863,

0.86 Euro – Bursaphelenchus xylophilus – The pine wood nematode is considered to be one of the most potentially destructive species for coniferous forests

0.91 Euro – Ceratitis capitata– Known as the Mediterranean fruit fly, this pest attacks a variety of crops and wild plants, laying its eggs in their fruit.

2.00 Euro- Rhynchophorus ferrugineus The palm weevil attacks several species of palm trees, causing damage which can lead to the death of these plants without the necessary treatment. Originating in tropical regions in Asia and Oceania, it spread to the Middle East and North Africa in the 1980s and 90s. In 1995, it was detected in Spain, where it was most likely transported on palm trees imported from Egypt. Since then, it has been detected in almost every country in the Mediterranean Basin. In Portugal, the insect was detected for the first time in 2007 in the Algarve, although it has now spread across much of the country’s territory, causing the death of thousands of palm trees and altering the landscape in many places.