Almourol & Marvao Castles – Portugal -EUROPA 2017.
Nine circular towers protect the high walls of Almourol Castle, one of the most notable medieval military monuments from the time of the Reconquista, built on the granite escarpment of a small island in the district of Santarém, today lending the surrounding landscape a scenic charm. The castle is known to exist as early as 1129, under the name Almorolan. However, the epigraph above the main doorway bears the inscription of the year 1171, referring to its rebuilding by the Order of the Knights Templar. The keep as the centre of the whole structure and the quadrangular arrangement of the spaces are features of Templar architecture in Portugal.
At one of the highest points on the north slope of the Serra de São Mamede, in the district of Portalegre, stands Marvão Castle, built in the 18th century as a way to strategically secure the defence of the border with Spain.
The “most unconquerable fortications in the Kingdom” sits on an elevated rocky platform, accessible only to the east. It has an enormous cistern attributed to the 15th/16th centuries, when the town was at its demographic peak. An extraordinary point of refuge and surveillance, Marvão Castle reflects the development of military technology in its successive transformations.
Date of Issue -09 May 2017 0.80 Euro – Almourol Castle – Print run 135,000
0.80 Euro – Marvao Castle – Print Run -40,000 Miniature Sheet – Print Run -40,000.